Incorrect GROUP BY

Revision as of 11:47, 19 July 2012 by Connor (Talk | contribs) (Created page with "<div class='err'> <div class=params>schema:gisq</div> <div class = "link e-oracle">ORA-00979: not a GROUP BY expression</div> <div class = "link e-mysql">ORA-00979: not a GROU...")

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<p>When using a GROUP BY clause every field in the SELECT list must be either:

  • One of the GROUP BY terms - in this case region
  • An aggregate function - for example SUM or COUNT
  • An expression based on the above

In the example the field name may not be used on the SELECT line.

In a group by line each region shows up only once - however in a typical region such as Africa there are several different name values. WHich one should SQL pick?


  • Remove the offending field from the SELECT line
  • Add the field to the GROUP BY clause
  • Aggregate the offending field
SELECT name, region, MAX(population)
  FROM bbc
  GROUP BY region