Difference between revisions of "SELECT Reference"

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==Simple SELECT==
 
==Simple SELECT==
 
The simplest SELECT commands involve a single table:
 
The simplest SELECT commands involve a single table:
 +
<table>
 +
<tr><th>SQL</th><th>Result</th></tr>
 +
<tr><td>
 
<source lang='sql'>
 
<source lang='sql'>
 
SELECT name, population
 
SELECT name, population
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  WHERE region='North America'
 
  WHERE region='North America'
 
</source>
 
</source>
 +
</td><td>
 
<table class="sqlmine"><tr><th>name</th><th>population</th></tr><tr><td>Canada</td><td class="r">32000000</td></tr><tr><td>Mexico</td><td class="r">106400000</td></tr><tr><td>United States of America</td><td class="r">295000000</td></tr></table>
 
<table class="sqlmine"><tr><th>name</th><th>population</th></tr><tr><td>Canada</td><td class="r">32000000</td></tr><tr><td>Mexico</td><td class="r">106400000</td></tr><tr><td>United States of America</td><td class="r">295000000</td></tr></table>
*The SELECT line determines which columns to show - in this case <code>name</code> and <code>population</code>, both of which are columns of the bbc ta le.
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</td></tr></table>
 +
*The SELECT line determines which columns to show - in this case <code>name</code> and <code>population</code>, both of which are columns of the bbc table.
 
*The WHERE clause determines which rows to show
 
*The WHERE clause determines which rows to show
  

Revision as of 11:39, 19 October 2012

The SELECT command is used to show data from a database.

The output from a SELECT statement is always a grid - with a number of rows and a number of columns.

Simple SELECT

The simplest SELECT commands involve a single table:

SQLResult
SELECT name, population
  FROM bbc
 WHERE region='North America'
namepopulation
Canada32000000
Mexico106400000
United States of America295000000
  • The SELECT line determines which columns to show - in this case name and population, both of which are columns of the bbc table.
  • The WHERE clause determines which rows to show

The SELECT statement may involve data from more than one table using a JOIN or a UNION.

SELECT statements may nested - that is the output from one SELECT may be the input to another SELECT.

The output from a SELECT may be added to another table using INSERT .. SELECT

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