Difference between revisions of "SUM and COUNT"

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<h3>BBC Country Profile: Aggregate functions</h3>
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{{Languages}}
 +
<h3>World Country Profile: Aggregate functions</h3>
 
This tutorial is about aggregate functions such as COUNT, SUM and AVG. An aggregate function takes many values and delivers just one value. For example the function SUM would aggregate the values 2, 4 and 5 to deliver the single value 11.
 
This tutorial is about aggregate functions such as COUNT, SUM and AVG. An aggregate function takes many values and delivers just one value. For example the function SUM would aggregate the values 2, 4 and 5 to deliver the single value 11.
<div class='ref_section'>
+
<div class="ref_section">
 
<table class='db_ref'>
 
<table class='db_ref'>
<caption>bbc</caption>
+
<tr><th>name</th><th>continent</th><th>area</th>
<tr>
+
<th>population</th><th>gdp</th></tr>
<th>name</th>
+
<tr><td>Afghanistan</td><td>Asia</td><td class="r">652230</td><td class="r">25500100</td><td class="r">20343000000</td></tr>
<th>region</th>
+
<tr><td>Albania</td><td>Europe</td><td class="r">28748 </td><td class="r">2831741 </td><td class="r">12960000000 </td></tr>
<th>area</th>
+
<tr><td>Algeria</td><td>Africa</td><td class="r">2381741 </td><td class="r">37100000 </td><td class="r">188681000000 </td></tr>
<th>population</th>
+
<tr><td>Andorra</td><td>Europe</td><td class="r">468</td><td class="r">78115 </td><td class="r">3712000000 </td></tr><tr>
<th>gdp</th>
+
<td>Angola</td><td>Africa</td><td class="r">1246700 </td><td class="r">20609294 </td><td class="r">100990000000 </td></tr>
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>Afghanistan</td>
 
<td>South Asia</td>
 
<td align='right'>652225</td>
 
<td align='right'>26000000</td>
 
<td></td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>Albania</td>
 
<td>Europe</td>
 
<td align='right'>28728</td>
 
<td align='right'>3200000</td>
 
<td align='right'>6656000000</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>Algeria</td>
 
<td>Middle East</td>
 
<td align='right'>2400000</td>
 
<td align='right'>32900000</td>
 
<td align='right'>75012000000</td>
 
</tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td>Andorra</td>
 
<td>Europe</td>
 
<td align='right'>468</td>
 
<td align='right'>64000</td>
 
<td></td>
 
</tr>
 
 
<tr>
 
<tr>
 
<td colspan='5'>...</td>
 
<td colspan='5'>...</td>
Line 45: Line 17:
 
</div>
 
</div>
  
<h2>Exercises</h2>
+
<h2>You might want to look at these examples first</h2>
 
<p>[[Using SUM, Count, MAX, DISTINCT and ORDER BY]].</p>
 
<p>[[Using SUM, Count, MAX, DISTINCT and ORDER BY]].</p>
 
+
==Total world population==
<div class="progress_panel"><div>
 
  <div class="summary">Summary</div>
 
  <div class="progressbarbg">
 
    <div class="progressbar"></div>
 
  </div>
 
</div></div>
 
 
 
 
<div class='qu'>
 
<div class='qu'>
 
Show the total '''population''' of the world.
 
Show the total '''population''' of the world.
 
+
  world('''name''', '''continent''', '''area''', '''population''', '''gdp''')
                               
 
  bbc('''name''', '''region''', '''area''', '''population''', '''gdp''')
 
 
<source lang='sql' class='def'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='def'>
 
SELECT SUM(population)
 
SELECT SUM(population)
FROM bbc
+
FROM world
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
 
SELECT SUM(population)
 
SELECT SUM(population)
FROM bbc
+
FROM world
 
</source>
 
</source>
 
</div>
 
</div>
  
 +
==List of continents==
 
<div class='qu'>
 
<div class='qu'>
List all the regions - just once each.  
+
List all the continents - just once each.  
 
<source lang='sql' class='def'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='def'>
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
SELECT DISTINCT(region)
+
SELECT DISTINCT(continent)
FROM bbc
+
FROM world
 
</source>
 
</source>
 
</div>
 
</div>
  
 +
==GDP of Africa==
 
<div class='qu'>
 
<div class='qu'>
 
Give the total GDP of Africa   
 
Give the total GDP of Africa   
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<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
 
SELECT SUM(gdp)
 
SELECT SUM(gdp)
FROM bbc
+
FROM world
WHERE region = 'Africa'
+
WHERE continent = 'Africa'
 
</source>
 
</source>
 
</div>
 
</div>
  
 +
==Count the big countries==
 
<div class='qu'>
 
<div class='qu'>
 
How many countries have an '''area''' of at least 1000000   
 
How many countries have an '''area''' of at least 1000000   
Line 101: Line 67:
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
 
SELECT COUNT(name)
 
SELECT COUNT(name)
FROM bbc
+
FROM world
 
WHERE area >= 1000000
 
WHERE area >= 1000000
 
</source>
 
</source>
 
</div>
 
</div>
  
 +
==Baltic states population==
 
<div class='qu'>
 
<div class='qu'>
What is the total '''population''' of ('France','Germany','Spain')   
+
What is the total '''population''' of ('Estonia', 'Latvia', 'Lithuania')   
 
<source lang='sql' class='def'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='def'>
 
</source>
 
</source>
Line 113: Line 80:
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
 
SELECT SUM(population)
 
SELECT SUM(population)
FROM bbc
+
FROM world
WHERE name IN('France','Germany','Spain')  
+
WHERE name IN ('Estonia', 'Latvia', 'Lithuania')
 
</source>
 
</source>
 
</div>
 
</div>
  
<p>[[Using GROUP BY and HAVING.]]</p>
+
==Using GROUP BY and HAVING==
 +
<p>You may want to look at these examples: [[Using GROUP BY and HAVING.]]</p>
 +
==Counting the countries of each continent==
 
<div class='qu'>
 
<div class='qu'>
For each '''region''' show the '''region''' and number of countries.   
+
For each '''continent''' show the '''continent''' and number of countries.   
 
<source lang='sql' class='def'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='def'>
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
SELECT region, COUNT(name)
+
SELECT continent, COUNT(name)
FROM bbc
+
FROM world
GROUP BY(region)
+
GROUP BY(continent)
 
</source>
 
</source>
 
</div>
 
</div>
  
 +
==Counting big countries in each continent==
 
<div class='qu'>
 
<div class='qu'>
For each '''region''' show the '''region''' and number of countries with populations of at least 10 million.   
+
For each '''continent''' show the '''continent''' and number of countries with populations of at least 10 million.   
 
<source lang='sql' class='def'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='def'>
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
SELECT region, COUNT(name)
+
SELECT continent, COUNT(name)
FROM bbc
+
FROM world
 
WHERE population >= 10000000
 
WHERE population >= 10000000
GROUP BY(region)
+
GROUP BY(continent)
 
</source>
 
</source>
 
</div>
 
</div>
  
 +
==Counting big continents==
 
<div class='qu'>
 
<div class='qu'>
List the regions with total populations of at least 100 million.   
+
List the continents that '''have''' a total population of at least 100 million.   
 
<source lang='sql' class='def'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='def'>
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
 
<source lang='sql' class='ans'>
SELECT region
+
SELECT continent
FROM bbc
+
FROM world
GROUP BY region
+
GROUP BY continent
 
HAVING SUM(population)>= 100000000
 
HAVING SUM(population)>= 100000000
 
</source>
 
</source>
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
<div class="lsclear">Clear your results</div>
 
  
 
<p><div class="quizlink">[[SUM and COUNT Quiz]]</div></p>
 
<p><div class="quizlink">[[SUM and COUNT Quiz]]</div></p>
 
<p>[[The nobel table can be used to practice more SUM and COUNT functions.]]</p>
 
<p>[[The nobel table can be used to practice more SUM and COUNT functions.]]</p>
<p>[[The_JOIN_operation |The next tutorial is looks at the Table Tennis database. It shows how queries may use records from two related tables.]]
+
<p>[[The_JOIN_operation |The next tutorial looks at the Table Tennis database. It shows how queries may use records from two related tables.]]

Latest revision as of 20:38, 22 February 2017

Language: English  • 中文

World Country Profile: Aggregate functions

This tutorial is about aggregate functions such as COUNT, SUM and AVG. An aggregate function takes many values and delivers just one value. For example the function SUM would aggregate the values 2, 4 and 5 to deliver the single value 11.

namecontinentarea populationgdp
AfghanistanAsia6522302550010020343000000
AlbaniaEurope28748 2831741 12960000000
AlgeriaAfrica2381741 37100000 188681000000
AndorraEurope46878115 3712000000
AngolaAfrica1246700 20609294 100990000000
...

You might want to look at these examples first

Using SUM, Count, MAX, DISTINCT and ORDER BY.

Total world population

Show the total population of the world.

world(name, continent, area, population, gdp)
SELECT SUM(population)
FROM world
SELECT SUM(population)
FROM world

List of continents

List all the continents - just once each.

SELECT DISTINCT(continent)
FROM world

GDP of Africa

Give the total GDP of Africa

SELECT SUM(gdp)
FROM world
WHERE continent = 'Africa'

Count the big countries

How many countries have an area of at least 1000000

SELECT COUNT(name)
FROM world
WHERE area >= 1000000

Baltic states population

What is the total population of ('Estonia', 'Latvia', 'Lithuania')

SELECT SUM(population)
FROM world
WHERE name IN ('Estonia', 'Latvia', 'Lithuania')

Using GROUP BY and HAVING

You may want to look at these examples: Using GROUP BY and HAVING.

Counting the countries of each continent

For each continent show the continent and number of countries.

SELECT continent, COUNT(name)
FROM world
GROUP BY(continent)

Counting big countries in each continent

For each continent show the continent and number of countries with populations of at least 10 million.

SELECT continent, COUNT(name)
FROM world
WHERE population >= 10000000
GROUP BY(continent)

Counting big continents

List the continents that have a total population of at least 100 million.

SELECT continent
FROM world
GROUP BY continent
HAVING SUM(population)>= 100000000

The nobel table can be used to practice more SUM and COUNT functions.

The next tutorial looks at the Table Tennis database. It shows how queries may use records from two related tables.