Subquery and JOIN

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Revision as of 10:52, 2 August 2012 by Connor (Talk | contribs)

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Here you are shown how to convert subqueries into JOIN functions this would be done as using subqueries that contain no aggregate functions unnecessarily causes the response speed to slow.

schema:scott
DROP TABLE jobs;
DROP TABLE ranks;
DROP TABLE salary;
 CREATE TABLE jobs(
  employee VARCHAR(40),
  title VARCHAR(40));
INSERT INTO jobs VALUES ('Gordon Russell','Lecturer');
INSERT INTO jobs VALUES ('Andrew Cumming','Teaching fellow');
INSERT INTO jobs VALUES ('Jim Smith','Technician');
CREATE TABLE ranks (
   title VARCHAR(40),
   rank VARCHAR(40));
INSERT INTO ranks VALUES ('Lecturer','LECT1');
INSERT INTO ranks VALUES ('Teaching fellow','LECT2');
INSERT INTO ranks VALUES ('Technician','TECH1');
CREATE TABLE salary (
   rank VARCHAR(40),
   payment INTEGER);
INSERT INTO salary VALUES ('LECT1',2000);
INSERT INTO salary VALUES ('LECT2',3000);
INSERT INTO salary VALUES ('TECH1',5000);
INSERT INTO salary VALUES ('TECH2',6000);
SELECT payment FROM salary WHERE rank =
(SELECT rank FROM ranks WHERE title =
(SELECT title FROM jobs 
 WHERE employee = 'Andrew Cumming'))

This subquery would be more efficient if it was changed to a JOIN as there are no aggregate functions in the queries.

    Use the following steps to change a subquery into a JOIN
  • Mark all columns with the table name they came from
  • If you use the same table in two different FROM clauses, use aliases
  • Move all FROM statements together to form a single FROM
  • Delete all occurrences of (SELECT
  • Substitute WHERE for AND after the first occurence of WHERE
SELECT payment FROM salary, ranks, jobs
WHERE salary.rank = ranks.rank
AND ranks.title = jobs.title
AND jobs.employee = 'Andrew Cumming'
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