Difference between revisions of "SELECT from Nobel Tutorial/ja"

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(Recent Peace Prizes)
(Literature in the 1980's)
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==Literature in the 1980's==
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==1980年代の文学賞==
 
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Show all details ('''yr''', '''subject''', '''winner''') of the Literature prize winners for 1980 to 1989 inclusive. 
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1980から1989年の間のノーベル文学賞について、年度、分野、受賞者の全ての詳細を表示する。
 
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Revision as of 09:47, 10 April 2018

Language:Project:Language policy English  • 日本語 • 中文
nobel
yr subject winner
1960 Chemistry Willard F. Libby
1960 Literature Saint-John Perse
1960 Medicine Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet
1960 Medicine Peter Madawar
...

nobel ノーベル賞

簡単なテーブルへのクエリーで簡単なSQLの練習を続ける。

このチュートリアルはノーベル賞受賞者に関するテーブルを扱う:

nobel(yr, subject, winner)
ノーベル(年度, 分野, 受賞者)

SELECT 文を使用する。

1950 年度からの受賞者

1950年度からのノーベル賞受賞者を表示するようにクエリーを修正する。

SELECT yr, subject, winner
  FROM nobel
 WHERE yr = 1960
SELECT yr, subject, winner
  FROM nobel
 WHERE yr = 1950

1962年の文学賞

ノーベル文学賞(Literature)を1962年に受賞した人を表示

SELECT winner
  FROM nobel
 WHERE yr = 1960
   AND subject = 'Physics'
SELECT winner
  FROM nobel
 WHERE yr = 1962
   AND subject = 'Literature'

アルバート・アインシュタイン

アルバート・アインシュタイン(Albert Einstein)がノーベル賞を受賞した年と分野を表示

SELECT yr, subject
FROM nobel
WHERE winner = 'Albert Einstein'

近年の平和賞

ノーベル平和賞( subject が Peace )の 2000年以降(2000を含む)の受賞者名を表示

SELECT winner
FROM nobel
WHERE subject = 'Peace'
AND yr >= 2000

1980年代の文学賞

1980から1989年の間のノーベル文学賞について、年度、分野、受賞者の全ての詳細を表示する。

SELECT yr,subject,winner
FROM nobel
WHERE subject = 'Literature'
AND yr BETWEEN 1980 AND 1989

Only Presidents

Show all details of the presidential winners:

  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Woodrow Wilson
  • Jimmy Carter
  • Barack Obama
SELECT * FROM nobel
 WHERE yr = 1970
  AND subject IN ('Cookery',
                  'Chemistry',
                  'Literature')
SELECT * FROM nobel
 WHERE  winner IN ('Theodore Roosevelt',
  'Woodrow Wilson',
  'Jimmy Carter',
  'Barack Obama')

John

Show the winners with first name John

SELECT winner FROM nobel
  WHERE winner LIKE 'John %'

Chemistry and Physics from different years

Show the year, subject, and name of Physics winners for 1980 together with the Chemistry winners for 1984.

SELECT *
FROM nobel
WHERE (subject='physics' AND yr=1980) OR
      (subject='chemistry' AND yr=1984)

Exclude Chemists and Medics

Show the year, subject, and name of winners for 1980 excluding Chemistry and Medicine

SELECT *
FROM nobel
WHERE yr=1980 AND
  subject NOT IN ('Chemistry','Medicine')

Early Medicine, Late Literature

Show year, subject, and name of people who won a 'Medicine' prize in an early year (before 1910, not including 1910) together with winners of a 'Literature' prize in a later year (after 2004, including 2004)

SELECT *
FROM nobel 
WHERE (subject='Medicine' and yr <1910) OR
      (subject='Literature' AND yr>=2004)

Harder Questions

Umlaut

Find all details of the prize won by PETER GRÜNBERG

The u in his name has an umlaut. You may find this link useful https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%9C#Keyboarding
SELECT *
FROM nobel 
WHERE winner in ('Peter Grünberg')

Apostrophe

Find all details of the prize won by EUGENE O'NEILL

You can't put a single quote in a quote string directly. You can use two single quotes within a quoted string.
SELECT *
FROM nobel 
WHERE winner in ('Eugene O''Neill')

Knights of the realm

Knights in order

List the winners, year and subject where the winner starts with Sir. Show the the most recent first, then by name order.

SELECT winner, yr, subject
FROM nobel 
WHERE winner LIKE 'Sir%'
ORDER BY yr DESC, winner

Chemistry and Physics last

The expression subject IN ('Chemistry','Physics') can be used as a value - it will be 0 or 1.

Show the 1984 winners and subject ordered by subject and winner name; but list Chemistry and Physics last.

SELECT winner, subject, subject IN ('Physics','Chemistry')
  FROM nobel
 WHERE yr=1984
 ORDER BY subject,winner
select winner, subject
from nobel
where yr=1984
order by subject in ('Physics','Chemistry'),subject,winner