# Difference between revisions of "Window functions"

General Elections were held in the UK in 2015 and 2017. Every citizen votes in a constituency. The candidate who gains the most votes becomes MP for that constituency.

All these results are recorded in a table ge

2015IanMurrayS14000024Labour19293
2015NeilHayS14000024Scottish National Party16656
2015MilesBriggsS14000024Conservative8626
2015PhylMeyerS14000024Green2090
2015PramodSubbaramanS14000024Liberal Democrat1823
2015PaulMarshallS14000024UK Independence Party601
2015ColinFoxS14000024Scottish Socialist Party197
2017IanMURRAYS14000024Labour26269
2017Stephanie Jane HarleySMITHS14000024Conservative9428
2017Alan ChristopherBEALS14000024Liberal Democrats1388

## Warming up

Show the lastName, party and votes for the constituency 'S14000024' in 2017.

FROM ge
WHERE constituency = 'E14000539' AND yr = 2017
FROM ge
WHERE constituency = 'S14000024' AND yr = 2017

## Who won?

You can use the RANK function to see the order of the candidates. If you RANK using (ORDER BY votes DESC) then the candidate with the most votes has rank 1.

Show the party and RANK for constituency S14000024 in 2017. List the output by party
RANK() OVER (ORDER BY votes DESC) as posn
FROM ge
WHERE constituency = 'E14000539' AND yr = 2017
RANK() OVER (ORDER BY votes DESC) as posn
FROM ge
WHERE constituency = 'S14000024' AND yr = 2017
ORDER BY party

## PARTITION BY

The 2015 election is a different PARTITION to the 2017 election. We only care about the order of votes for each year.

Use PARTITION to show the ranking of each party in S14000021 in each year.
RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY yr ORDER BY votes DESC) as posn
FROM ge
WHERE constituency = 'S14000021'
ORDER BY party,yr
RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY yr ORDER BY votes DESC) as posn
FROM ge
WHERE constituency = 'S14000021'
ORDER BY party,yr

## Edinburgh Constituency

Edinburgh constituencies are numbered S14000021 to S14000026.

Use PARTITION BY constituency to show the ranking of each party in Edinburgh in 2017. Order your results so the winners are shown first, then ordered by constituency.
FROM ge
WHERE constituency BETWEEN 'S14000021' AND 'S14000026'
AND yr  = 2017
RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY constituency ORDER BY votes DESC)
AS posn
FROM ge
WHERE constituency BETWEEN 'S14000021' AND 'S14000026'
AND yr  = 2017
ORDER BY posn,constituency

## Winners Only

You can use SELECT within SELECT to pick out only the winners in Edinburgh.

Show the parties that won for each Edinburgh constituency in 2017.
FROM ge
WHERE constituency BETWEEN 'S14000021' AND 'S14000026'
AND yr  = 2017
SELECT constituency, party
FROM (
SELECT constituency,party,
RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY constituency ORDER BY votes DESC)
AS posn
FROM ge
WHERE constituency BETWEEN 'S14000021' AND 'S14000026'
AND yr  = 2017
) AS ed
WHERE posn = 1

## Scottish seats

You can use COUNT and GROUP BY to see how each party did in Scotland. Scottish constituencies start with 'S'

Show how many seats for each party in Scotland in 2017.
FROM ge
WHERE constituency BETWEEN 'S14000021' AND 'S14000026'
AND yr  = 2017